Why is Environmental Impact Assessment Very Essential

An environmental impact assessment is a detailed report that details all the effects of a project on the environment and how it affects people and other resources. These reports should be prepared after careful planning and evaluation.

These reports should be able to give an overview of the environmental changes that have occurred during the project and what will occur as a result. This is where the information from the public has an important role to play.

Environmental assessment is basically the assessment of the effects of a

  • Project
  • Plan/Ideas
  • Program
  • Scheme or any planned action before the decision to proceed with the project

Environmental impact assessment is basically the assessment of the

  • Adverse environmental effects of an idea
  • Strategy
  • or real projects prior to the final decision to implement it

This is usually done by the government agencies that are involved in implementing such projects and is done as part of the planning process. It is important to consider the effect of an environmental impact assessment on the wider environment as a whole as well as the local environment so that it can be made more sustainable and less harmful to future generations.

Environmental Impact Assessment

A lot of people don’t realize that there are actually two different types of environmental impact assessment that take place during the planning stage. The first type of environmental impact assessment will be done by the consultants of the project and is used to determine the likely outcome of the project.

The consultants are trained in the science and techniques of environmental impact assessment and how it relates to a project. They will also discuss the possible environmental risks and consequences of the project with the various stakeholders.

The second type of environmental impact assessment will be done by the government agencies and involves more than just the consultant. It involves an analysis of all the data collected during the process. This analysis will then be presented to the relevant people or organizations who will decide whether to go ahead with the project or not. These people and organizations would include the local, regional, and state governments, as well as the private sector.

Depending on how comprehensive the environmental impact assessment is, this could range from being quite simple to quite complex. There are a number of different levels of environmental impact assessment that can be applied to a project; therefore, they need to be carefully evaluated to ensure that the most important aspects of the project are covered.

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An important aspect of the environmental impact assessment process that is often overlooked is communication. If communication lines are not properly laid out, this can have a very negative impact on the final decision. Read: Introduction To Environmental Impact Assessment (Natural and Built Environment Series)

The process needs to be designed so that everyone involved in the project has a clear understanding of what the decision is and what the implications are. It should be made clear to all parties that they are not only making the right choice, but they are also making the right decision for the future of their communities as well as the future of the environment.

There are several reasons why an environmental impact assessment is essential

Although some are fairly obvious, such as for local planning or development. Other things that need to be taken into account are for the protection of our environment, to ensure that any projects have as minimal of an environmental impact as possible, and to ensure that the planning system is effective at ensuring that all necessary planning and regulations are in place for the project to go ahead.

The process will look at a project’s potential negative impacts on the local environment, as well as its effects on other people or the environment. There are different types of impact assessment, with each type of project going through different processes and steps in its assessment.

The purpose of each type of impact assessment will differ but they all aim to provide information to project managers and local authorities so that they are able to make decisions regarding a project’s suitability and feasibility.

There are many different ways in which the impact assessment process can be carried out

There are also different ways in which the final decision on whether or not to go ahead can be reached. The benefits of incorporating these two different perspectives are that they ensure that all parties involved in the project have an idea of what is going to happen and how the decisions can affect the future of the environment.

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They also ensure that the process is as transparent as possible and that the right decisions can be made at the right time. They are there to provide information to the project and to allow the project team to get their information from the public’s input. They will be able to give the project a better idea of the changes that should be made, which in turn, will enable them to make informed decisions when the project is complete.

Public consultation is very important when conducting an impact assessment

The consultants must conduct open meetings and take the opinion of the public into account. This is so they can inform their clients of any possible areas of concern and how they can be resolved. Public consultation can be done by submitting a draft report to the interested parties and they can also hold open house meetings where they will present the findings of their report to the public.

Public meetings should be done with all parties present. It is important that the process is conducted in a timely fashion so that all issues are dealt with immediately. They should also be able to answer any questions they receive from the public during these meetings.

Categorization of Environmental Impact Assessment

The first type of impact assessment, called an Environmental Risk Assessment, is undertaken to determine how risky a project is to the environment. An environmental impact assessment will be undertaken before any project begins, or as part of the application process and should be undertaken by a qualified and experienced professional, which may also include the project manager or design consultant, in order to provide a detailed description of what the impact will be on the environment.

The next type of impact assessment involves the monitoring and evaluation of the project’s environmental impacts. During this stage, information is gathered and analysed, and a review is conducted to determine whether the project can be completed without causing unacceptable harm to the environment and if changes need to be made to the project to improve the impact. Read: Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment: A Guide to Principles and Practice

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The last and final type of impact assessment is undertaken after the completion of the initial analysis, which is known as the Final Impact Assessment Report. This report will be submitted to local and national authorities. It is then reviewed to ensure that the project is complying with local, state and federal standards, as well as any specific rules and regulations governing the project.

Before embarking on the impact assessment process, it is important to have an overall concept of what the project will involve. This will help project managers and planners to determine whether the project is suitable, as well as whether or not the project needs further research, which will in turn assist them in deciding on how best to go about the analysis.

It is essential to bear in mind that a project does not always need to go ahead, but in some cases, it is needed to conduct impact assessment as part of the planning and development process. If there are any unforeseen circumstances, it is important to know what impact the project could have on the environment and local communities in order to provide a baseline reference point.

This will help project planners or designers in deciding whether or not the project should continue with or cease. A good project management approach combined with a thorough assessment can provide a wealth of information to project managers, designers, planners, contractors, scientists and other stakeholders.

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About the author

I am Adegboyega Tunde Temitayo. A registered Town Planner with the Nigerian Institute of Town Planners (NITP) and Town Planners Registration Council (TOPREC).

I love to think differently and possibly on various Urban and Regional Planning issues to proffer solutions to Urban and Rural Environmental Problems. You can subscribe to my YouTube Channel

As the Chief Editor of Town Planners Diary, I humbly welcome you to this platform which is about enhancing Planning Education through research on various Town Planning and Environmental issues.


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