Your industrial wastewater treatment process should be optimized to ensure that no harmful chemical or biological contaminants can make their way into your facility’s waters. Keep reading to learn about some important methods of wastewater management.
There are many ways to treat wastewater, and most treatment plants contain both aerobic and anaerobic technologies. Anaerobic processes utilize the bacteria and microorganisms in the plant’s tanks and pipes, while aerobic processes utilize chemicals and oxygen.
As an alternative to both aerobic and anaerobic processes, a byproduct called biocide is used to kill off bacteria and unwanted substances. Wastewater filters are most commonly utilized at industrial facilities to remove a large volume of organic and inorganic contaminants. These filters effectively capture byproducts like
- THMs (trichloroethylene)
- VOCs (volatile organic compounds)
- TCE (tricyanide)
- BZ (butyl benzene)
- NH3 (nitrogen dioxide)
- N2O (nitrogen monoxide)
- MTBE (propyl chloride)
- Chlorine, and
Other commonly utilized processes at a wastewater treatment plant process are activated sludge treatment, post-treatment control, and residual disinfection and decontamination. Each of these processes has its own unique set of benefits and is best employed in conjunction with others.
- The first step of a wastewater treatment process is the biological decomposition of any organic materials or organic wastes.
- The second step involves the chemical treatment of the materials.
- The third step involves the removal of the remaining materials through either the natural processes or the use of a microbial process.
The biological decomposition stage of a wastewater treatment plant process is designed to completely break down organic materials. What happens next is referred to as post-treatment control. Here, the chemical properties of the wastewater are examined to ensure that they are acceptable to the facility’s final stage.
The final stage of a wastewater treatment process is called residual disinfection and decontamination. In this step, the facilities work to clean the water that will be discharged back into its environment.
Many large scale facilities employ this step as a post-treatment process in order to destroy the contamination that had been present in the facility. The final stage also involves the use of effective treatments in order to prevent the spread of the contamination to other areas or to a different area of the facility.
The major waste water treatment process is simply the accumulation of organic and inorganic materials in a facility’s wastewater treatment process. This means that during this stage, the materials build up in the wastewater treatment plants’ tank systems, linings, and piping.
There are a number of different methods that the facilities can employ for this step, including the use of activated sludge, carbon and charcoal filters, carbon filtration, microfiltration, and cellulose disinfection.
The wastewater treatment plant process does not stop here, however. There are a number of steps that must be completed before the material is released back into the environment.
It is important to understand that the removal of organic waste from the facility is not the same as the removal of a specific method of waste. The method and type of material will still need to be disposed of in a safe manner. Some of the common processes include manual flushing, hot and cold water treatment, ion exchange, or carbon and wood incineration.
Contaminated wastewater should be treated and cleaned up to prevent future pollution. The wastewater treatment plant process can be either an aerobic or an anaerobic process, but not both. The final stage of treatment involves cleaning up any remaining hazardous materials before they are released back into the environment.