Urban Planning Processes and Urbanization

The urban planning process in any country is very different from that of other countries where urbanization is more prevalent. In the United States for instance the process for developing the city of Los Angeles began in 1917 and has remained largely unchanged since then.

The core principles on which planning processes are based on our environmental considerations, land use, transportation issues, social issues and population growth. The planning process is the most effective when it includes all these factors. It is also an extremely time-consuming process.

Concept of Urban Planning

The main principle on which integrated planning processes are founded is a thorough knowledge of the current urban planning process taking place in any city. Such a process must also include all stages from initial planning to implementation including various phases such as

  • Preparation
  • Engagement
  • Monitoring
  • Analysis
  • Evaluation
  • Reporting

The present urbanization process is quite different from the one followed in the past as a result of a number of reasons, but the main reason is the fact that the present generation has a much higher level of disposable income than its predecessors.

Today’s urban residents do not have to wait for years for the completion of a particular project in order to get their share of benefits from it

They can easily move from one part of a city to another in order to take part in development activities. One major change that took place during the current urban planning process was the shift from the focus being placed on building up the city infrastructure to making use of existing resources to maximize the benefits they bring.

As a result, there was a great increase in the amount of green space and the construction of commercial buildings was greatly reduced. Another important change in urban planning took place during the 1960s when the urbanization process in the country changed from an autocratic one to a democratic one.

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This meant that the powers which previously belonged to the hands of the government now belonged to the hands of the citizens themselves. This was done so that citizens would be able to control the urbanization process.

It is very difficult to predict the future of an urban growth process

Some cities, for example, may not be able to cope with high levels of population growth. As a result, there could be a situation where the urbanization process is completed in the middle of the planning period and nothing of use is left behind. Other urbanization projects, however, may succeed in the long run.

Urbanization in developing countries is normally a slow process. For this reason it is important that cities are designed so that they will not be devastated by the urbanization process.

Urban planners work on the basis of a city’s planning policy, budget and resources and the location of that city at various stages of development. These three areas must be studied carefully in order to give an idea of what the city would be like if the urban growth process is finished.

When this information is in hand, it is possible to determine which parts of a city would be required to be developed and which ones would be best off keeping as they are. The urban growth process is not complete until all the resources of the country, both monetary and natural, are used in order to create more jobs and to generate more revenue for the government.

The Concept of Urban Planning Process

Concept of Urban Planning

The concept of urban planning is the planning of the urban area, especially a city’s development and growth. There are some basic elements of urban planning that are important, which are also commonly known as planning principles. Some of these planning principles can be considered to be an important part of a city’s growth and development.

There are three basic aspects of the planning process. These are the planning stage, the execution and the impact of the planning process on the people who live in the area. The planning stage involves the assessment of the potential future urban growth in a particular area. This is done with the help of various resources. These resources include land planning, population projections, and economic feasibility.

After the assessment of the possible future urban growth is made, there is the next step to take. This is the planning phase, which involves

  • Identifying the key areas for development
  • Building a map or a drawing of the plan
  • Getting the assistance of Architects, Consultants, Engineers and other professionals who can help to ensure that the right infrastructure is built and getting the support of different authorities
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The planners must also work with the local people to ensure that they get their share of development. The effect of the planning phase on the people living in the area is known as the impact of the planning process. The impact of the urban area is what is most important. If the people in the area do not receive their fair share of development, it will only lead to resentment and dissatisfaction.

The impact of the urban planning process is also responsible for the fact that the city’s economy also grows at a rapid rate. The urban areas become a hot spot for business. Also, many companies set up in urban areas as a result of the growth and development process. This results in more jobs and more employment opportunities.

Achieving urban development is not always easy. It requires time, effort, and hard work. However, it is essential to see the benefits and the results of the urban development process and make sure that the residents are benefited in some way or another. It should also be able to provide the right kind of services and amenities to its people so that people can maintain a harmonious social order and keep them happy.

The aim is to make sure that all the resources of the country go into creating wealth rather than waste

Urbanization is the process by which a country or urban region becomes an increasingly large metropolitan area. It is a social and political phenomenon that involves changes that are brought about by economic, demographic, social, environmental, and political factors.

Urbanization also refers to the change in population from rural areas to urban ones, the decline in the number of people still living in rural areas and the means through which societies adjust to this change. Urbanization affects all of society’s different sectors

  • Government
  • Economy
  • Culture, and
  • People in general, including children and adolescents

Urbanization is an ongoing process that involves all sections of a country. A city which has already experienced urbanization, though it may look like a suburb, is still part of the country and so needs the same services, schools, healthcare and public transportation as any other part of the country.

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Urbanization is an important aspect of every country. It will ensure that every citizen has access to better education, medical care and social security, while also allowing for economic progress. in the country. However, it should be understood that it is not a single process and that the various regions of a country should cooperate with each other in order to achieve their national objectives.

Urbanization can occur in different ways

The most common method of urbanization is through immigration. Immigration of people is the most effective way to increase the overall population because it increases the number of people in one place without changing the existing population structure.

Immigration is also the fastest way to increase the number of inhabitants because it does not take long to be accepted into the country. Immigration is therefore the primary method through which countries are able to increase their population levels quickly and easily.

Urbanization is also referred to as “metropolitanization”. As we discussed earlier, metropolis refers to an urban area, while urban refers to a city. The definition of a metropolis may differ from one country to another. In some countries, such as those in Europe, metropolises consist of large cities or towns.

On the other hand, in other countries, including countries of Asia, metropolises consist of small towns. Although there are no clear rules regarding the type of urbanization process a country will go through, there are certain types of urbanization that are considered to be urban. These include development, industrialization, and globalization.

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About the author

I am Adegboyega Tunde Temitayo. A registered Town Planner with the Nigerian Institute of Town Planners (NITP) and Town Planners Registration Council (TOPREC).

I love to think differently and possibly on various Urban and Regional Planning issues to proffer solutions to Urban and Rural Environmental Problems. You can subscribe to my YouTube Channel

As the Chief Editor of Town Planners Diary, I humbly welcome you to this platform which is about enhancing Planning Education through research on various Town Planning and Environmental issues.

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