Waste management and pollution which comprises of air, water, noise, and deplorable condition of urban infrastructure is the major problem of the urban environment in Nigeria. Reckless of waste disposal is one of the major characteristics of urban areas which are fairly dominated by the poor in Nigeria. Blockage of drainage channels with huge garbage with smelling dirty water has become the feature of cities in Nigeria. The various question has been raised as to what would be the hope of the future generation on the environmental situation of cities in Nigeria.
Majority of urban residents in Nigeria have slum as their social ways of life. Inadequate industrial waste management that has spread into residential areas and flowing like rainwater in the urban road as in cases of Lagos industrial are of Apapa, Ijora, Ilupeju, and Ikeja, likewise in Ogun State, we have areas like Ota industrial areas which is an indication of weak policy implementation.
Nigeria is currently rated among the urban areas with the lowest livability index in the world due to the high rate of environmental deterioration. The estimation is that between 20% and 30% of the urban population in Nigeria only enjoying decent urban life. The environmental problems are mostly due to developmental processes and are of local, regional and global effects. These effects are viewed as consequences of human activities and are most often harmful on human beings, livelihoods, animal and plant lives presently or transferred to posterity
The Niger Delta is in Nigeria has been described as one of the dirtiest places on the earth, a yearly huge amount of oil products are deposited there. A lot of farmers and fishermen live in this coastal territory and about 70% of the population rely on natural resources as their means of livelihood. The water pollution puts the populace health at risk, research shows that the majority of the locals in oil-producing areas suffer from chronic diseases all their lives
Some of Pollution and Waste Management Problems in Urban Area
Urbanization is where urban poverty takes its root form, which is one of the most complex enterprises of humankind has a significant impact in general on the urban environment. The high rate of urban population concentration brings about changes in land use and natural landscape modification resulting from excess human activities. Air pollution majorly caused by outdated automobile exhaust and noise. As usual, water bodies in an urban environment are polluted by mismanaged industrial waste discharge.
Production of urban waste such as solid, liquid, gaseous in association their disposal system generated into another problem at the detriment of urban dwellers which include infected diseases. The Major problems of urbanization are the transitional zone to those arising from a transfer through migration of rural problems such as poverty, illiteracy, and unemployment. These problems become more prominent when rural migrants transform them into an urban area.
Another major problem of the urban environment area is the level illiteracy of dwellers who migrated from the villages or small towns where educational opportunity is very low. Based on the high level of illiteracy, the knowledge or culture of their sanitation, and urban environmental protection may be lacking. Being an occupation of rental status, there is a tendency to develop the attitude of non.challant to environmental protection.
The town and cities of developing country like Nigeria are characterised by squalor, poverty, diseases, and much more, in spite of the efforts of the city and other engineers, The major problems of the world is urbanization, where poverty, crime, environmental degradation, degeneration of existing infrastructure, poor services delivery, and lack of access to land use and adequate shelter.
The inability of Nigerian cities to cope with increasing environmental challenges has also shown manifestation in poor economic growth and development. The rapid growth of cities due to urbanization has led to the emergence of low-income informal settlements both in the inner-city and on the outskirts. This development accounted for the over the bloated informal sector. The urban and rural population will be increasingly interdependent for their economic, social and environmental well being in Nigeria