The federal road safety corps is the agency responsible for road safety administration in Nigeria. The main mission of the federal road safety corps in the country is to reduce road crash deaths and injuries by 50%. The federal road safety corps statutory functions include: Making the highways safe for motorists and other road users as well as checking the roadworthiness of vehicles, recommending works and infrastructures to eliminate or reduce accidents on the highways and educating motorists and members of the public on the importance of road discipline on the highways.
The functions of the federal road safety corps generally relate to Making the highway safe for motorists and other road users. Recommending works and devices designed to eliminate or reduce accidents on the highways and advising the Federal and State Governments including the Federal Capital Territory Administration and relevant governmental agencies on the localities where such works and devices are required. In particular, the federal road safety corps is charged with the responsibilities for: Preventing or minimizing accidents on the highway; Clearing obstructions on any part of the highways; Educating drivers, motorists and other members of the public generally.
Federal Road Safety Corps Full Responsibilities
– Preventing or minimizing accidents on the highway;
– Clearing obstructions on any part of the highways;
– Educating drivers, motorists and other members of the public generally on the proper use of the highways;
– Designing and producing the driver’s license to be used by various categories of vehicle operators;
– Determining, from time to time, the requirements to be satisfied by an applicant for a driver’s licence;
– Designing and producing vehicle number plates
– The standardization of highway traffic codes;
– Giving prompt attention and care to victims of accidents
– Conducting researches into the causes of motor accidents and methods of preventing them and putting into use the result of such researchers;
– Determining and enforcing speed limits for all categories of roads and vehicles and controlling the use of speed limiting devices;
– Cooperating with bodies or agencies or groups in road safety activities or in the prevention of accidents on the highways;
– Making regulations in pursuance of any of the functions assigned to the Corps by or under this Act.
– Regulating the use of sirens, flashers and beacon lights on vehicles other than ambulances and vehicles belonging to the Armed Forces, Nigeria Police, Fire Service and other Para-military agencies;
– Providing roadside and mobile clinics for the treatment of accident victims free of charge;
– Regulating the use of mobile phones by motorists;
– Regulating the use of seat belts and other safety devices;
– Regulating the use of motorcycles on the highway;
– Maintaining the validity period for drivers’ licences which shall be three years subject to renewal at the expiration of the validity period
Definition of Federal Road Safety Corps Terms
Penalty Points: These are Points allotted to traffic offences accumulated in the driver’s record. If a driver receives a statutorily maximum number of points, the driver shall be warned and or have his licence suspended or withdrawn.
Fine: Is payment of a sum of money made to satisfy a claim of an offence committed as a penalty.
Warning: Is notification issued to a traffic offender who has accumulated 10–14 penalty points.
Suspension: Is the temporal removal or interruption of authority or right to drive a vehicle or ride a motorcycle/tricycle, as a punishment for a period of time, having accumulated 15 to 20 penalty points.
Withdrawal: The act or condition of taking away the authority or the denial of the right to drive a motor vehicle or ride a motorcycle/tricycle on Nigeria roads, having accumulated 21 and above penalty points.
Use of Notice of Offence Sheet: The Notice of Offence sheet is issued by a Road Marshal to a traffic offender who has violated any of the Road Traffic Laws and Regulations. It is a legal document and as such should be properly understood and filled, as it may be tendered in the law court for prosecution purposes.
Interpretation of Federal Road Safety Corps Offences, their Categories, Definitions, Penalties and Penalty Points
Assaulting marshal on Duty (AMD) 10pts/N10,000: Manhandling a Road Marshal in the course of his lawful duties. This offence may attract prosecution in a law court.
Attempting to Corrupt Marshal on Duty (ACS) 10pts/N10,000: Offering bribe (monetary or material) to Road Marshal(s) by traffic offender(s) in order to pervert the course of justice. This offence may attract prosecution in a court of law.
Caution Sign Violation (CSV) 3pts/N3,000: Failure to display the C-caution sign at the front and the rear of the vehicle in the case of a broken down vehicle. In addition, failure to put in place a red light at the rear of the vehicle at night.
Construction Area Speed Limit Violation (CAV) 3 pts/N3,000: Failure to adhere to speed limits posted at construction sites.
Dangerous Driving (DGG) 10pts/N50, 000: Driving in a manner that is reckless and poses threats to the lives of the driver and other road users e.g. forcing other vehicles or other road users off the road or engaging in acts that could easily result in crashes or driving at high speed in places of high pedestrian traffic.
Do Not Move Violation (DNM) 2pts/N2, 000: Driving a vehicle on which ‘DO NOT MOVE’ sticker has been posted indicating that the vehicle’s movement has been restricted. Examples of the vehicle(s) on which ‘DO NOT MOVE’ sticker may be pasted are;
– A rickety vehicle.
– Vehicle awaiting towing.
– The vehicle suspected to be stolen.
Driver’s Licence Violation (DLV) 10pts/N10,000: Driving without being in physical possession of a valid Driver’s Licence for the category of vehicle being driven. The classes of Driver’s Licence
are as follows:-
Class A – Motorcycle
Class B – Motor vehicle of fewer than 3 tonnes gross weight other than a motorcycle, taxi, stage carriage or omnibus.
Class C – The motor vehicle of fewer than 3 tonnes gross weight, other than a motorcycle.
Class D – Motor vehicle other than a motorcycle, taxi, stage carriage or omnibus but excluding an articulated vehicle or vehicle drawing a trailer, agricultural machines and tractors and earth-moving vehicles.
Class E – Motor vehicle other than a motorcycle, articulated vehicle, agricultural machines, tractors and earth-moving vehicles.
Class F – Agricultural machines and tractors.
Class G – Earthmoving vehicles
Class J – Special, for physically handicapped persons.
Driving Under Alcohol/Drug Influence: (DUI) 5pts/N5, 000: Driving under the influence of alcohol, drugs or other psychotropic substance.
Driving WIth Worn Out Tyre: (TYV) 3pts/N3, 000: Driving a vehicle with tyres which threading are worn-out.
Driving With Expired/WIthout Spare Tyre 2 pts/N2, 000: Driving a vehicle with tyre(s) which by its date of manufacturing has expired or without a spare tyre.
Excessive Smoke Emission (ESE) 5pts/N5, 000: Driving a vehicle with smoke emission, capable of blurring the vision of other road users.
Failure to Cover Unstable Materials 5pts/N5, 000: Failure to cover securely unstable materials such as gravel, sand, refuse, etc. which are capable of spilling on the highway thereby constituting hazards.
Failure to Fix Red Flag on Projected Load (FFF) 3pts/N3,000: Driving a vehicle with a projected load in excess of 2.8m without adequate warning, i.e. a red flag fixed at the end of the projected load in the daytime and a red warning light at night.
Failure to Move Over(FMO) 3pts/N3, 000: In the case of slow-moving vehicles on a single carriageway, failure to move out of the road when at least four vehicles have queued behind. In addition, on a dual carriageway, failure to move over to the slow lane for other road users moving at a higher speed to pass or failure to adhere to a traffic officer’s instruction.
Failure to Report Road Crash (FRC) 10 pts/N20, 000: A driver who is involved in a crash or sees a crash, but fails to report the crash to FRSC and/or other appropriate authorities shall be held liable for an offence of failure to report road crash.
Fire Extinguisher Violation (FEV) N3, 000: Driving a vehicle without the appropriate category of Fire Extinguisher specified for the type of vehicle or with expired Fire Extinguisher.
Inadequate Construction Warning Sign (ICW) N50, 000: Failure of a road construction company to provide adequate warning and/or directional/diversion signs at road repairs or road construction sites.
Light/Sign Violation (LSV) 2 pts/N2, 000: Failure to use headlights, rear lights between 1900hrs and 0630hrs or when it is dark while on the highway or failure to use directional signal indicators when required to do so or non-observance of a traffic light.
Medical Personnel/Hospital Rejection of Road Crash Victim (RCV) N50, 000: Hospital or Medical personnel refusal to accept and administer treatment on Road Crash survivors or accept corpse(s) of the victim(s).
Operating Mechanically Deficient Vehicle (MDV) 5 pts/N5, 000: Being on the highway with a mechanically deficient vehicle, such as emits dark fumes that impair vision, driving a vehicle with bent chassis, driving a damaged vehicle, etc. This offence may attract prosecution and may have to be validated with a vehicle inspection report before a court trial.
Obstructing Marshal On Duty (OMD) 3 pts/N3, 000: Interference and willful disruption/obstruction of Road Marshal while carrying out his lawful duty.
Operating a Vehicle with Forged Documents (OFD) 10 pts/N10, 000: Driving while being in the possession of forged or fake driver’s licence or vehicle registration documents.
Overloading (OLV) 10 pts/N10, 000: Driving on the highway with a vehicle loaded with passengers or goods over the prescribed number or weight, respectively.
Passengers’ Manifest Violation (PMV) 10 pts/N10, 000: Driving a commercial vehicle on an interstate journey on the highway without a detailed copy of the Passengers’ Manifest (that is, the list of passengers in a vehicle, contact address, destination, next of kin and phone number).
Riding Motorcycle Without Using Crash Helmet (RMH) 2 pts/N2, 000: Riding a motorcycle without a crash helmet(s) properly strapped to the head and fastened under the chin by both the rider and passenger.
Road Obstruction (ROB) 5 pts/N5, 000: Obstructing the highway by indiscriminate parking or repair of broken-down vehicles on the road or obstructing the highway with any other object, or stopping on the highway in a manner that inhibit free traffic flow at any point in time or endangers the life of the driver and/or other road users.
Road Marking Violation (RMV) 5 pts/N5, 000: Failure to observe road markings, regulatory, prohibitory or mandatory road traffic signs.
Route Violation (RTV) 10 pts/N10, 000: Contravention of the provision of any traffic law or regulation relating to directions and routes to be followed by vehicles e.g. facing on-coming vehicles or plying route prohibited for certain categories of vehicles.
Seatbelt Use Violation (SUV) 5 pts/N5, 000: Driving a vehicle without using Seat Belt and/or without ensuring that other passengers in the vehicle use Seatbelts.
Speed Limit Violation (SLV) 5 pts/N5, 000: Driving a vehicle or riding a motorcycle/tricycle on the highway in excess of the prescribed speed limits for a category of vehicle or road. Maximum speed limits for different categories of motor vehicles are as follows:
Federal Road Safety Corps Speed Limited for Vehicles in Km/hr
Unauthorized Removal/Tampering with Road Signs (UTS) 5pts/N5, 000: Removing or tampering with any road sign(s) or indicator(s) which is or are meant to direct, warn, prohibit or caution road users.
Underage Driving/Riding (UDR) N10, 000: Driving a motor vehicle and riding a motorcycle before attaining the age of 18yrs.
Use of Phone While Driving (UPD) 4pts/N4, 000: Driving or riding a vehicle while making use of the phone even at traffic hold up. This also applies to the use of hands-free devices.
Vehicle License Violation (VLV) 3pts/ N3, 000: Driving or riding a vehicle with an expired licence or not being in possession of one.
Number Plate Violation (NPV) 3pts/ N3, 000: Driving a vehicle without Number Plates, use of fake Number Plates, covering the Number Plates, using mutilated Number plates, expired Number Plates or failure to display Number Plates appropriately.
Vehicle Windshield Violation (WSV) 2pts/ N3, 000: Operating a motor vehicle without a windscreen(s) or with damaged windscreen(s).
Wrongful Overtaking (WOV) 3pts/ N3, 000: Overtaking a vehicle when it is not safe or legal to do so thereby endangering the life of the driver, and/or passenger(s) and other road users, e.g. at brow of a hill, a bend, on narrow bridge, built-up areas, crowded road, intersection, bus-stop etc.
Projected Load in Excess of Prescribed Limit (PLE) 3 pts/N3, 000: Driving a Vehicle with projected or outsized load(s) which is /are not contained within the permissible overall dimension of the vehicle.
Vehicle Mirror Violation (VMV) 3 pts/N3, 000: Driving a vehicle without the inner and/or the two side mirrors or driving with a damaged mirror(s).
Learners Driving Regulation Violation (LDV) 10 pts/N3, 000: A learner driving a vehicle without being accompanied by a licenced driver-instructor sitting beside him or failing to take a driving test before the expiration of his third Learner’s Permit or takes a test and failed or drives a vehicle with passenger(s) onboard or drives on an expressway.
Child Restraint Violation (CRV) 6 pts/N3, 000: Carrying a child under the age of 12yrs in a vehicle without the use of a child’s car seat or carrying a child in a child car seat without the child car seat being properly fitted and the child strapped in the car seat. The followings are categories of child restraint according to the weight of the children for whom they are suitable; Child Sitting Position Violation (CPV) 6 pts/N3, 000.Category: Carrying a child under the age of 12 years in the front seat of a vehicle.
Driving Right-Hand Steering Vehicle (DRV) 10 pts/N3, 000: Driving a vehicle which steering is on the right-hand side.
Other Offences Violation: Any other offence(s) not categorised under the offences listed in the Notice of Offence Sheet.
Federal Road Safety Corps 38 Traffic Violation Fines
Notice of offence sheet by section 10(4), 28(2) of federal road safety corps (establishment) act 2007 and regulation 220 of NRTR, 2012. Do you wish to waive your right to a court trial? Yes or No. If Yes, please pay the prescribed fine(s) into Federal Government Revenue Account in any of the commercial Banks or online using Remita platform accessible through www.remita.net (select “Pay FG Agency; Select federal road safety corps (FRSC) under MDAs; select “Offences” to pay for fines. Complete the other mandatory fields as applicable). Bring the teller/printout to the federal road safety corps (FRSC) office where the booking was made.