The urban planners are the professionals that are dealing with the physical layout of human settlements which includes considerations of efficiency, sanitation, protection and use of the environment, as well as effects on social and economic activities. The civil engineers are professionals dealing with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways.
Civil engineers and urban planners both work in fields related to the planning and construction of buildings, roads, and other facilities. While civil engineers focus on the projects themselves, urban planners emphasize how the projects will fit in the local planning climate. Consequently, civil engineers and urban planners often interact, cooperating on projects.
The civil engineers design and oversee construction projects of all kinds. Civil engineers typically have different specialties, such as transportation engineering, structural engineering, and geotechnical engineering, so that they can focus on that one aspect of a project. Urban and planners focus is trained on the overarching plans for the use of the land and buildings in a defined area, such as a city or larger metropolitan area. Planners create these plans, and they also serve in positions to manage them, providing oversight to help in making sure the plans are followed.
Civil Engineers and Urban Planners functions in the Civil Industry Employment
Since civil engineers and urban planners work in similar fields, they are employed in some of the same industries. In particular, they both work for governmental entities. However, urban planners work in public positions much more often than civil engineers.
In fact, the largest employers of urban planners in the United States are in the local governments, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and they use 64 percent of all urban planners. Civil engineers, meanwhile, are most often employed by architectural, engineering and related services in private industry.
Civil Engineers and Urban Planners Education and Training
– Most civil engineers have a bachelor’s degree with a major that focuses on their field of ability. Master’s degrees are not as common, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, which notes that only 20 percent of civil engineers have a graduate degree.
– The Urban planners are more likely to have master’s degrees. In contrast with planners, civil engineers typically can step into their field straight out of college.
– Planners, meanwhile, typically must first gain years of related experience, working in areas such as architecture or public administration to learn the components that enter into comprehensive plans before they develop and manage plans.