Architecture is the art and science of designing and building construction that deals with all kinds of people and all kinds of abstract in all kinds of places. (Architecture of abstract because it is about people and things). Architecture can be seen separately as art and separately as a science and also both simultaneously. The value of architecture is such that it is influenced by so many varying factors covering theory and scholarship discipline. Architecture has the permanent luxury of impermanence and unrest inherited from fashion and advertising.
Unrest from which not only a newer theory can depart, but newer ways of looking at architecture past. The history of architecture can be traced to the same era but arguing violently with each other in form, function, and shape; Form architectures are operating side-by-side on the same terrain but never professionally seeing eye-to-eye. If a number of architectural scholars and professionals were required at the end of a building project for critical analysis, tense atmosphere and exercise in subjectivity would prevail.
The success of the project would be defined by some in terms of function even if it cost a fortune. To some other professionals, the project would be formed or whether it is aesthetically appealing. While to some, the project would be a monumental failure even if it succeeded in all the above areas but was not based on cost-economy.
5 Distinguished Influences of Environment on Architecture
The complex nature of architecture whose media of communication includes a similarity complex range which includes the cultural, visual, aural, sensual, tactile, atmospheric, and spatial is reinforced by the fact that it is influenced in its essence by diverse human, environmental, social, cultural, and other factors.
The distinguished 5 influences on architecture include the Needs, Society, Technology, Culture, and Climate. Each of the 5 factors is enough case-study or subject on its own because of its diversity. People need shelter or building for protection against the elements and to ward off threats and discomfort posed by the environment. The needs of individuals within this general needs are many, different, and complex.
Nature and Characteristics of Architecture
Architecture is real: It has integrity and visibility
It is an Intellectual Enterprise: Architecture is an academic discipline Architecture is a Business: According to Corbusier in 1982, architecture is a thing of art, a phenomenon of the emotions, lying outside questions of the construction, and beyond. The nature of architecture is amazingly complex, diversity, complexity, generality, and even subjectivity are phenomenon which has been seen, characterized the nature, essence, and significance of architecture.
The art of designing and building is a reality, the art and science of architecture belong eventually to the realism of academics and intellectualism, but the process leading to this encompasses critical intagible elements. Creativity is an essential ingerdient, but the process of and channel to creativity include such thinhs as function, imagination, paradoxes, and metaphors. In the process, you deal with not only with these but also with obscurity, poetry, literature, and the exotic. Any meaningful discussion on a ralistic definition of architecture can hardly by-pass the metaphysics of mysticism.
The complexity of Architecture as an Academic Discipline
Architecture as an academic discipline is a multi-dimentional, multi-discipline intelletual enterprise. To excel as an architecture scholar, it is important to be versed in almost all other fields of academics; Mathematics, Geography, Art, Science, Psychology, Philosohpy, Sociology, Law, medicine, History, and much more. In architectural education, there is persistent confusion on where to place architecture, art, science, or humanities in general broad classification of disciplines.
Architecture could be categorized as an art, but before it stopsbeing art, it is science and before it stops being science, it is humanities and then artagain. In some tertiaty institution of higher learning, architecture has been variously placed in the Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of technology, Faculty of Art, and Faculty of Environmental Studies.
Architecture as science and art can be classified under whatever broad category; architecture as an academics discipline is both sicence and art. Architecture as science involves theory that are knowledge-based in architecture science, while architecture as an art involves the development of design skills in different practical areas.
Architecture from the era of stoneage to the ra of information technology show the significance of history in architectural study, process, and practice. Architecture has has a chequered history sparing theory eras of movement and periods of architecture. Without reference to history, architecture, either on discussion, academics, or practice would be difficult to go through. As an art or professional poractice, backed by professional knowledge or science, architecture remains an astonishing complexity.